China and climate change: a quest for ecological influence and power
By Marine de Guglielmo Weber,Yente Thienpont and Gabriel Bonnamy, for The Defence & Climate Observatory coordinated by IRIS under the contract carried out on behalf of the French Ministry of the Armed Forces’ DGRIS.
This note is divided into three parts: the first looks at the use of climate information for political and diplomatic purposes; the second looks at the economic leadership that China is seeking to develop in the context of climate change mitigation and adaptation; and finally, the third looks at China’s use of HADR operations as a tool for influence and military power.Read the noteSynthesisFrench version More information about the Observatory
[Comment] Sweden’s Perception of the EU Defence Industrial “Toolbox”
By Lorenzo Scarazzato, Research Assistant, The SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme
Stockholm is looking at the EU’s initiatives with interest, but also with a degree of scepticism. There are historical and structural reasons for this scepticism, as well as Sweden’s relatively limited capacity to influence Brussels, which ultimately fuels doubts about the Commission’s growing powers.ReadMore about ARES Group
[Policy paper] The Impact of the War in Ukraine on the European Defense Market
By Jean-Pierre Maulny, Deputy Director, IRIS
This note offers an analysis of the consequences of the war in Ukraine on the structuring of the defence market in Europe.Read
[Working paper] Case Studies of the EU’s Actions in the Field of Conflict Resolution, Prevention and Mediation
By Federico Santopinto, Louise Souverbie, Gustavo Müller, Gustavo Ramírez Buchheister, Ester Sabatino & Cornelius AdebahrRead
[Policy Paper] Russia’s war against Ukraine: A new impetus for the harmonisation of European arms export policies?
By Lucie Béraud-Sudreau, Director of the Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme (SIPRI), Pia Fuhrhop, Deputy Head of Research Division (SWP), Jean-Pierre Maulny, Deputy Director (IRIS), and Christian Mölling, Deputy Director (DGAP)
The Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 confronted European arms export policies with a unique crisis. This policy paper compares the arms export policies and export control rules of Germany, France, and Sweden, and examines their objectives, how the war in Ukraine has affected their perception of arms exports, and how changes to their arms export policies could impact European harmonisation of export controls.ReadMore about Ares Group
[Podcast] European Military Budgets after the War in Ukraine: More Cohesion of Fragmentation
The ARES Podcast Series offers a new and original format to encourage fresh strategic thinking in the field of European defence industrial policies.
This serie of podcasts aims at analysing the increases of post Ukraine defence budgets in several European countries. It raises the following issue : would these increases in defence budgets lead to more cohesion or to more fragmentation of the defence industry ?All episodesThe Belgian caseThe Italian caseThe German Case
The World Climate and Security Report 2022. Decarbonized Defense: The Need for Clean Military Power in the Age of Climate Change
By the Expert Group of the International Military Council on Climate and Security (IMCCS), in collaboration with the Center for Climate and Security, Council on Strategic Risks, the Clingendael Institute, the Hague Center for Strategic Studies and IRIS.
This report warns that militaries must accelerate efforts toward net zero to achieve a win-win-win: minimize fossil fuel-related operational vulnerabilities, undermine petro-dictators like Vladimir Putin, and combat climate change. It was released June 7th 2022.ReadMore about the IMCCS