European Security after Brexit. A British, French and German Perspective

Analysis by Jean-Pierre Maulny (IRIS), Marius Müller-Hennig (FES), Neil Melvin (RUSI) and Malcolm Chalmers (RUSI), for the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung in partnership with IRIS and RUSI – December 2020

Brexit poses a risk for European Security as the highly institutionalised relations based on EU membership change. This new publication analyses the security cooperation between Germany, France and the United Kingdom after Brexit.

ReadMore about the Analysis

The Quest for European Strategic Autonomy – A Collective Reflection

Paper for Istitut Affari Internazionali (IAI ) – With the contributions of Jean-Pierre Maulny from IRIS, and Ester Sabatino, Daniel Fiott, Dick Zandee, Christian Mölling, Claudia Major, Daniel Keohane, Domenico Moro

The year 2020 has been a challenging year not only under a health, social and economic perspective, but also in relation to EU defence. The level of strategic autonomy necessary to satisfy the EU level of ambition has not been reached yet, with consequences on the EU effectiveness to deliver results.


IRIS and emlyon business school launch ‘GeoSport’

GeoSport, a new digital platform focused on geopolitics and sport, has been jointly launched by IRIS and emlyon business school. It proposes value-adding content on geopolitics and sport, providing informed, expert analyses on contemporary issues. The key focus of the content is around diplomacy; international relations; nation branding; politics and soft power, and the link of these areas to sport.

Read the press releaseConsult GeoSport

EU Defence Package: Defence Procurement and Intra-Community Transfers Directives

European Parliamentary Research Service Study – With the IRIS contributions of Jean-Pierre Maulny, Deputy Director, and Dr Edouard Simon, Senior Fellow.

This study examines the implementation of the European Union (EU) defence package, which consists of the Defence Procurement Directive 2009/81/EC and the Intra-Community Transfers Directive 2009/43/EC, during the period from 2016 to 2020.


Climate Security in the Western Indian Ocean

By François GemenneSofia KabbejRoman MonangeJulia Tasse

The 14th Study Report (Rapport d’Etude) of the Observatory of Climate Change Impacts on Defence and Security focuses on environmental security risks in the Western Indian Ocean. Based on a risk matrix and suggesting operational recommendations to decision-makers, this report complements an Australian report on environmental risks in the Eastern Indian Ocean, following a presidential visit to Australia in 2018.


Defence Innovation: New Models and Procurement Implications

By Carlos Martí Sempere for Spain – By Jean-Pierre Devaux, President of Inovstra, and Gaspard Schnitzler from IRIS for France – By Alessandro Marrone, Head of Defence Programme, Istituto Affari Internazionali, and Andrea Gilli, Senior Researcher, NATO Defense College, Affiliate at the CISAC

These series of policy papers are dedicated to the new models of defence innovation and their implications for the ministries of defence’s procurement. At a time when the European Commission is elaborating the work programme of the European Defence Fund, the objective is to realise a mapping of the main EU member states’ defence innovation systems and their evolution to give more consideration to dual use technology, open innovation, and user-centric innovation.

#62 - The Spanish Case#63 - The French Case#64 The Italian CaseMore about Ares Group

Covid-19 and the EDTIB: Impact and Policy Responses

By Dick Zandee (Clingendael Institute) for Netherlands, Alessandro Marrone (IAI) for Italy, Torben Schütz (DGAP) for Germany, Félix Arteaga (Real Instituto Elcano) for Spain, Sophia Becker (DGAP) for the US, Jean-Pierre Maulny (IRIS) for France – May/June 2020

ARES Group is launching a new series of comments dedicated to the impact of Covid-19 on the EDTIB and to the first measures taken by governments to help that industry. The scope of this series will probably be expanded to include non-European countries.

Covid-19 and the Dutch DTIBCovid-19 and the Italian DTIBCovid-19 and the German DTIBCovid-19 and the Spanish DTIBCovid-19 and the American DTIBCovid-19 and the French DTIBComparative Chart by CountriesMore about Ares Group

[Report] European Jihad: Future of the Past?

Project led by GLOBSEC in partnership with IRIS and other European partners

This final report is a two year advocacy and research project. It is based on an updated unique dataset of 326 European jihadis (from 2015, the peak year of European jihadism).

ReportMore about the Project

IRIS 17th in Ranking of International Think Tanks on Defence and National Security

The Global Go To Think Tanks 2019 is out! IRIS achieved a higher ranking compare to last year: 21th in the “Top think tanks in Western Europe” category (out of 1,523); 17th in the “Top Defence and National Security Think Tanks” category, 29th in the “Top think tanks on foreign policy and international affairs” category, 41st on « Best Conference » category (out of 8,248).

Press releaseGlobal Go-To Think Tanks 2019
    Sport and International Relations
    Netflix and Nations prompt surge in football club acquisitions
    This may have been the year of Covid-19 and its brutal consequences, but the virus does not appear to have disrupted one area of activity: football club takeover deals....
    Sport and International Relations
    Do Black Lives Really Matter in the Sport Industry?
    When people say Black Lives Matter, they’re not just speaking about police brutality. They’re also talking about the numerous systems and institutions that disproportionally devalue Black people. For example,...
    Feminist foreign policy
    Feminism is a project for radical transformation of society. But it can also take the shape of reform, whereby rights and resources are granted step-by-step to women through laws...
    Sport and International Relations
    Premier League and PPTV: Private Finances and UK-China Politics in Football
    Layne Vandenberg is a PhD student in the King’s College London and University of Hong Kong Joint PhD Programme. She received her Bachelor’s degree from the University of Michigan,...
    Sport and International Relations
    Israel’s Cycling Diplomacy
      Dr Yoav Dubinsky is an Instructor of Sports Business in the Lundquist College of Business at the University of Oregon. His research line focuses on country image, nation...
    Sport and International Relations
    How esports are embroiled in a geopolitical call of duty
    In a recent ranking of First Person Shooter games, the website identified ‘Call of Duty: Warzone’ as one of the best ever. The website noted how the game...
    International Balances of Power and Globalisation
    Global Viruses and Goals
    > The trillion dollar question: When will this end? > The trillion euro question: What lessons will humanity learn? > The trillion yuan question: Which states will become the...
    Germany and nuclear sharing
    At a time when Germany has just bought American F-18s to ship NATO nuclear weapons, we thought it would be useful to publish this point of view of SPD...
    NATO is dead but Europe is sick
    Truth is sometimes unbearable to see. This is why Renaissance painters represented it under the allegory of a naked woman, decency requiring that one look the other way. Remember...
    Sport and International Relations
    Introduction to Grassroots Sport Diplomacy
    IRIS is partnering ISCA on this brand new project, co-funded by the European Commission under the Erasmus+ Programme. Its aim is to explore grassroots sport diplomacy. ISCA and IRIS...
    Sport and International Relations
    World Cup the Winner in GCC Denouement Though Questions for Sport Remain
    Sport and International Relations
    A play-by-play of sports and climate change
    China’s Use of Soft Power through Culture: Language and Education in Cambodia and Malaysia
    Asia Focus #51
    Sport and International Relations
    [EPOSM] More than 5000 completed questionnaires
    Press release
    Sport and International Relations
    Malabar naval drills commence as calls for boycott of 2022 Winter Olympics emerge
    Sport and International Relations
    Sport, good countries and the importance of soft power
    Ares Group
    Defence Innovation: New Models and Procurement Implications. The Italian Case
    Ares #64 - Policy Paper
    Defence Innovation: New Models and Procurement Implications. The Spanish Case
    Ares #62 - Policy Paper
    National Expectations regarding the European Defence Fund: The Greek Perspective
    Ares #61 - Comment
    The (R)evolution of Defence Innovation Models: Rationales and Consequences
    Ares #60 - Policy Paper
    Armament and Transatlantic Relationships: The Danish Perspective
    Ares #59 - Comment
    Comparative Chart of Measures developed by countries to support their DTIB in Covid-19 Time
    Comparative Chart
    Covid-19 and the American Defence Technological and Industrial Base: Impact and Policy Responses
    Ares #57 - Comment
    Covid-19 and the Spanish Defence Technological and Industrial Base: Impact and Policy Responses
    Ares #56 - Comment
    Covid-19 and the German Defence Technological and Industrial Base: Impact and Policy Responses
    Ares #55 - Comment
    Covid-19 and the Italian Defence Technological and Industrial Base: Impact and Policy Responses
    Ares #54 - Comment
    Covid-19 and the Dutch Defence Technological and Industrial Base: Impact and Policy Responses
    Ares #53 - Comment
    National Expectations regarding the European Defence Fund: The Finnish Perspective
    Ares #52 - Comment
    Armament and Transatlantic Relationships: the Romanian perspective
    Ares Group #51 - Comment
    Armament and Transatlantic Relationships: the Italian perspective
    Ares Group #50 - Comment
    National expectations regarding the European Defence Fund: The Danish Perspective
    Ares Group #49 - Comment
    European Defence should not be the Casualty of the ‘Great Lockdown’
    English VersionFrench VersionGerman Version
    Armament and Transatlantic Relationships: The Baltic States Perspective
    Ares Group #47 - Comment
    National expectations regarding the European Defence Fund: The Polish Perspective
    Ares Group #46 - Comment
    Armament and Transatlantic Relationships: The German Perspective
    Ares Group #45 - Comment
    Armament and Transatlantic Relationships: The Dutch Perspective
    Ares Group #43 - Comment
    National expectations regarding the European Defence Fund: The Italian Perspective
    Ares Group #42 - Comment
    National expectations regarding the European Defence Fund: The Swedish Perspective
    Ares Group #41 - Comment
    National expectations regarding the European Defence Fund: The Spanish Perspective
    Ares Group #40 - Comment
    PeSCo: The Swedish Perspective
    Ares Group #38 - Policy Paper
    PeSCo: The German Perspective
    Ares Group #36 - Policy Paper
    PeSCo: The Cyprus Perspective
    Ares Group #35 - Policy Paper
    PeSCo: The Greek Perspective
    Ares Group #34 - Policy Paper
    PeSCo: The Belgian Perspective
    Ares Group #33 - Policy Paper
    PeSCo: The Polish Perspective
    Ares #32 - Policy Paper
    Defence Industrial Policy in Serbia: Drivers and Influence
    Ares #31 - Policy Paper
    PeSCo: The Italian Perspective
    Ares #30 - Policy Paper
    PeSCo: The Lithuanian Perspective
    #29 - Policy Paper
    PeSCo: The Dutch Perspective
    #28 - Policy Paper
    PeSCo: The Spanish Perspective
    #27 - Policy Paper
    Building the EDTIB beyond 2020
    ARES Seminar Report
    Defence Industrial Policy in Norway: Drivers and Influence
    #25 - Policy Paper
    Defence industrial Policy in Finland. Drivers and Influence
    #23 - Policy Paper
    Defence and Industrial Policy in Poland
    #18 - Policy Paper
    Eu Regulatory Incentives for Armament Cooperation: Lessons from directive 2009/81/EC
    #17 - Comment
    Promoting European Defence Cooperation and the Promise of Financial Incentives
    #16 - Comment
    The Economics of European Defence: Some Additional Insights
    #15 - Comment
    Deploying Financial Tools in Support of European Defence Cooperation
    #14 - Comment
    Defence and Industrial Policy in Slovakia and the Czech Republic
    #12 - Policy Paper
    The Economics of European Defence
    #11 - Comment
    Technological Innovation, the US Third Offset Strategy and the Future Transatlantic Defense
    #9 - Policy PaperAbout #9 and #10 Ares Group's Policy Papers
    The Eu’s Security of Supply Agenda
    #6 - Comment
    A European Drone by 2025? The View from Spain on EUROMALE
    #3 - Comment
    A European Drone by 2025? The View from Italy on EUROMALE
    #2 - Comment
    A ‘Game Changer’? The EU’S Preparatory Action on Defence Research
    #1 - Policy Paper
    Armament Industry Research Group: Presentation
    Launching Paper
    Press Release
    Didier Billion
    Deputy Director
    The Middle-East – Turkey and the Turkish-speaking world – The European policy in these regions – The relations between the EU and Turkey – The European policy in the Middle-East
    Jeff Hawkins
    Associate Research Fellow
    US Foreign Policy
    Jean-Joseph Boillot
    Associate Research Fellow
    Indian Economy – Economy of the emerging countries – Asia/Africa Relations
    Emmanuel Hache
    Senior Fellow
    Natural Resources Economics – Energy issues and Development - Asia and NIC – International Monetary Affairs
    Arnaud Dubien
    Associate Research Fellow
    Jean-Yves Camus
    Associate Research Fellow
    Zionism and anti-Zionism in contemporary Europe – Regional identities and separatisms in Europe – The relations between the French and the Israeli – The German left and the Middle-East conflict ¬– Nationalisms and extremisms in Europe
    Bastien Alex
    Associate Research Fellow
    Climate change – Energy issues – EU enlargment policy
    Caroline Roussy
    Research Fellow
    West Africa – Regional Integration – Border issues – G5-Sahel
    David Weinberger
    Associate Research Fellow
    Illicit drugs trafficking and its geopolitics - Money laundering and the funding of terrorism - Tobacco smuggling
    Antoine Petibon
    Associate Research Fellow
    Humanitarian Operations - Humanitarian Evaluation and Innovation - Strategy
    Luca Baccarini
    Associate Research Fellow
    World Energy Markets – Energy strategy: key actors and roles - European Energy Policy in EU - Finance and geopolitics
    Emmanuel Lincot
    Associate Research Fellow
    Political and Cultural History of Contemporary China - China / Middle East Relationships - China / Central Asia Relationships - China / France Relationships
    Romuald Sciora
    Associate Research Fellow
    United Nations
    Marie-Cécile Naves
    Senior Research Fellow
    Unites States of America - Gender, equality woman-men, feminism - Socio-political issues of sport
    Karim Émile Bitar
    Associate Research Fellow
    The Middle-East – The relations between islam and the Western world; politics and religion – The Franco-Arab relations and the Euro-Mediterranean stakes – The media in the Arab world, feminism and civil societies
    Estelle E. Brun
    Research associate
    Sport Integrity and governance – Sport Diplomacy – Women's issues in sport
    François-Bernard Huyghe
    Senior Research Fellow
    Communications and economic intelligence – Cyber strategy - Terrorism
    Brahim Oumansour
    Associate Research Fellow
    US foreign policy in the Middle East and North Africa - Conflict, State and non-governmental players in North Africa and the Middle East
    Sophie Bessis
    Associate Research Fellow
    The cooperation between the North and the South – Food problems – The Third World’s economy and its geopolitical future – African questions
    Guillaume Long
    Associate Research Fellow
    Latin American politics, regionalism and security - Contemporary multilateralism
    Nathalie Ernoult
    Research Fellow
    Humanitarianism - Global Health
    Anne Sénéquier
    Research Fellow
    Global Health
    David Rigoulet-Roze
    Associate Research Fellow
    South West Asia - Near and Middle East - Levant - Mesopotamia - Arabian Peninsula - Gulf Region
    Pierre Laboué
    Research fellow
    Geopolitics of Energy – Natural resource economics – Russia et CIS – Eastern Europe
    Thierry Coville
    Research Fellow
    Iran – Country risk
    Edouard Simon
    Senior Research Fellow
    European Union - European Defence - Defence Industry
    Olivier de France
    Senior Research Fellow
    Strategic affairs – European security – EU member states’ foreign and defence policies – CSDP, CFSP – French defence policy – Crisis management – EU/Sub-Saharan Africa – Transantlantic security – Power and strategy
    Jean-Paul Ghoneim
    Associate Research Fellow
    Gulf States
    Éric Vernier
    Associate Research Fellow
    Money laundering – Business frauds – Sustainable development in the banking world
    Barthélémy Courmont
    Senior Research Fellow
    The Political and Security Stakes in North-East Asia - The China's Power Strategy - The American Foreign Policy – The American Policy in Asia Pacific – Nuclear Issues – New Threats
    Pierre Jaillet
    Associate Research Fellow
    Economy and monetary policy - European institutions and the functioning of the euro zone - Monetary and financial international relations - International cooperation bodies and organisations
    Pim Verschuuren
    Associate Research Fellow
    Geopolitics of sports
    Patrick Chevallereau
    Associate Research Fellow
    Defence policy – Transatlantic relationship – NATO – Franco-British cooperation – Brexit – European defence – United States’ policy and politics – Maritime strategy
    Assen Slim
    Associate Research Fellow
    The European economic integration and common policies – The post socialist transition in Eastern Europe – Sustainable development and degrowth – The economy of gratuity
    Rémi Bourgeot
    Associate Research Fellow
    Economics, Globalisation, Finance, Europe, Middle-East, Asia, Energy, Industry
    Julia Tasse
    Research Fellow
    Climate change - Oceans and marine environments - Marine economy
    Gérard Grizbec
    Associate Research Fellow
    Geopolitics of religions
    Frédéric Mauro
    Associate Research Fellow
    European Defence Policy - PeSCo
    Pascal Boniface
    Director of IRIS
    Strategic issues – European security – Global power relationships – Nuclear issues – The French foreign policy
    Jean-Jacques Kourliandsky
    Associate Research Fellow
    Central and Latin America – External and security policies of the Ibero-American area
    Sylvie Matelly
    Deputy Director
    Military spendings and defence budgets – Arms industries and restructuration – Globalisation and economic and strategic relations – European economy, economic policies
    Philippe Steininger
    Associate Research Fellow
    Defence Policy - Nuclear Detterence - Aerospace issues – Military Programming and Operations – Aerospace Strategy
    Eilidh Kennedy
    Associate Research Fellow
    Humanitarianism - Strategic Foresight
    Edouard Pflimlin
    Associate Research Fellow
    The Japanese defence policy – The strategic stakes in East Asia
    Charles Thibout
    Associate Research Fellow
    Geopolitical Issues of Artifical Intelligence - Cyber Strategy - International Political Economy - North America
    Christophe Ventura
    Senior Research Fellow
    Latin America – Civil society and Social movements
    Jean-Pierre Maulny
    Deputy Director
    World arms industry - EDTIB - Arms transfers - Export control - CSDP - NATO - Defence and security issues - Strategic affairs
    Esther Schneider
    Associate Research Fellow
    Sub-Saharan Africa - Development Effectiveness and Finance - Governance - International Cooperation
    Patrice Moyeuvre
    Associate Research Fellow
    Turkey - Turkish Defence and Armament Issues
    Jean-Vincent Brisset
    Associate Research Fellow
    China and the Chinese world – Strategic questions in Asia – Defence and international relations – The military tool: means, operations, concepts – The military nuclear weapons – Military aeronautics – NBCR risk and civil protection
    Jean de Gliniasty
    Senior Research Fellow
    Russia - CIS - French Diplomacy
    Sophie Lefeez
    Associate Research Fellow
    Armament: technologies, choice of equipment, requirements, design, use, support - Strategic issues (supply, cooperation, essence of power) - Strategic positioning of companies - Threat analysis
    Magali Chelpi-den Hamer
    Research Fellow
    Humanitarian - Development - Decentralized cooperation - Armed conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa - Transitional Justice - Ivory Coast
    Georges Lefeuvre
    Associate Research Fellow
    Afghanistan / Pakistan / India
    Sofia Kabbej
    Research fellow
    Climat – Security – Risk prevention – International climate negociations – Governance of geoengineering
    Marine Simoën
    Associate Research Fellow
    Natural Resources Economics – Raw materials – Renewable energy
    Jean-Claude Allard
    Senior Research Fellow
    Defence and security policy – Operational concepts and the uses of force – Crisis management – Military aeronautics
    Karim Pakzad
    Associate Research Fellow
    Afghanistan - Pakistan - Iran - Iraq – Kurdish issue
    Sébastien Abis
    Associate Research Fellow
    Strategic issues in the Mediterranean and North Africa – European Neighbourhood Policy - Agriculture and globalization – Food security and geopolitics of food supply – Grain Trade
    Alice Baillat
    Associate Research Fellow
    Geopolitics of Climate Change - International Climate Negotiations - Bangladesh - South Asia
    Jacques Serba
    Associate Research Fellow
    Humanitarian action – Organisation and functioning of the NGOs – External action of the territorial authorities
    Fabrice Debbasch
    Associate Research Fellow
    Innovation of defense systems - Scientific Issues - New technologies
    Gaspard Schnitzler
    Research Fellow
    Arms Industry - Arms and High-Technology Exports - Cooperative Arms Programmes - French and German Defence Policy – Europe Defence Programs – NATO
    Pierrick Le Jeune
    Associate Research Fellow
    Asia, South-East Asia – Afghanistan – The reform of public administrations – Public services – NGOs
    Henry Zipper de Fabiani
    Associate Research Fellow
    Balkans - Central Asia
    Serge Michailof
    Associate Research Fellow
    Development of the so-called “fragile countries” – Post conflict reconstruction
    Carole Gomez
    Senior Research Fellow
    International Sport Issues - Sport Diplomacy - Sport Integrity
    Gaëtan Gorce
    Associate Research Fellow
    Contemporary issues faced by Europe (migratory flows, digital sovereignty...) - International employment laws
    Robert Chaouad
    Research Fellow
    The history of the European integration – The institutional evolution of the European Union – The European Union as a global actor
    Francis Perrin
    Senior Research Fellow
    Energy issues – Markets and Energy Prices – Geopolitics of Energy - Energy and Governance
    Subscribe to our newsletter
    Les champs marqués d'un * sont obligatoires !
    French only
    IRIS Conference Centre
    Do you want to organize a conference, a seminar, a symposium or an exhibition? IRIS offers modern event spaces in the heart of Paris. See the website